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Tom van Riper Collection

 Collection
Identifier: MS-2419
The Tom van Riper Collection, 1964-1968, contains materials of the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi, as well as FBI posters and comics, in connection to the KKK. Five of the 16 items date to 1964, one to 1968, and the others have no dates. There are several copies of articles, including some from the Klan-Ledger, applications, an unmarked oath, and examination forms for the Klan. There is also a traffic ticket signed by Lee Roberts, a subject of the FBI investigations.

Dates

  • 1964-1968

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 24 hours is needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Abstract

The Tom van Riper Collection, 1964-1968, contains materials (applications, The Klan-Ledger, applications, etc.) related to the Ku Klux Klan of Mississippi, as well as FBI posters and comics, in connection to the KKK.

Biographical/Historical Note

Thomas van Riper was an agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation and sheriff of Anderson County, Tenn. He worked with informant Delmar Dennis to obtain information on murders perpetrated by Ku Klux Klan members in Mississippi, which lead to the convictions of Klan leader Sam Bowers in 1967 and of Byron De La Beckwith in 1994 for the 1963 murder of civil rights leader Medgar Evans. Van Riper died on August 11, 1997.

Former Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest, first Grand Dragon, established the Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1866. As members moved toward more violent and deadly actions, Forrest ordered the group to disband in 1869, though no one listened. After achieving its goal of white supremacy in the South, the KKK practically disappeared during the presidency of Ulysses S. Grant. In 1915 William J. Simmons reformed the Klan. It rose to 4 million members by 1925. However, as government officials became exposed as corrupt Klansmen, membership declined and the Klan was again disbanded in 1944. The emergence of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s revived Ku Klux Klan organizations, including the most important called the White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan led by Robert Shelton.

In the summer of 1964, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee organized a project in Mississippi to register voters, to build adequate schools for black students, and to establish community centers for medical and legal services. On June 20, 1964, Andrew Goodman, James Chaney, and Michael Schwerner traveled to Philadelphia, Miss.They were last seen in Neshoba County after being arrested for a traffic violation, and on August 4th their bodies were found shot, beaten, and buried on a farm. In December 1964, deputy sheriff Lawrence Rainey and 18 others were arrested in state court on charges of conspiracy, which were dropped. FBI Agent Tom van Riper had been working with Ku Klux Klan member and preacher Delmar Dennis to infiltrate Klan meetings and to inform the FBI on illegal acts perpetrated by the Klan. Dennis provided information to later convict seven of the men, including Klan leader Sam Bowers, in the 1967 federal trial for the violation of civil rights laws. Federal courts tried Preacher Edgar Ray Killen on conspiracy charges, but the jury was hung. Killen was again arrested in January 2005 and charged with three counts of murder.

Arrangement

Collection consists of a single folder.

Acquisition Note

Collection is property of the UT Special Collections Library. Part of original collection, including photographs, informant interviews, and handwritten notes by van Riper, was removed by the FBI in 1995.
Title
Finding Aid for the Tom van Riper Collection
Status
completed
Author
Elizabeth Dunham, July 13, 2006.
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
English

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives Repository

Contact:
Knoxville USA