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J. R. Campbell and James W. Taylor Photographs and Pamphlet

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3203

The photographs in this collection were taken by J. R. Campbell and depict the Church of God and some of its members located near Harriman and Hyatt, Tennessee. Many of these images were used as evidence in the case of U. S. vs. Bryant. Subjects depicted include the Dockery Family, William and Jessie Coleman, L. Gibson, Church of God co-founder W. F. Bryant, and the Church of God Temple in Harriman, Tennessee.

James W. Taylor's Alleghania: A Geographical and Statistical Memoir Exhibiting the Strengths of the Union, and the Weakness of Slavery, in the Mountain Districts of the South was printed in 1862 and describes the strong Union sentiment in the Southern Appalachian region at the beginning of the Civil War. Taylor believes that Knoxville is critical to the Union war effort, since domination of Knoxville would make the entire region susceptible to complete Union control.

Dates

  • 1862-circa 1910 (bulk circa 1910)

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.5 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection houses primarily photographs of the Church of God and its members taken by J. R. Campbell near Harriman and Hyatt, Tennessee, around 1910. Also included is a pamphlet by James W. Taylor entitled Alleghania. This document discusses the reasons for pro-Union feelings in East Tennessee and Knoxville's strategic importance.

Biographical/Historical Note

The Church of God began as the Christian Union Church in Monroe County, Tennessee. After a short time, the church moved to Camp Creek, North Carolina, changed its name to the Holiness Church, and affiliated itself with the Pentecostal denomination. In 1907, the church adopted an internal governing body that decided on Church of God as the organization's final name and moved its headquarters to Cleveland, Tennessee. Church teachings revolved around theory of baptism, foot washing, speaking in tongues, divine healing, and the pre-millennial coming of Christ. A spilt in the 1920's resulted in the Church of God and the Church of God Prophecy. Members were generally from southeastern Tennessee, western North Carolina, and northern Georgia.

James Wickes Taylor was born on 1819 November 6 in Yates County, New York. He attended Hamilton College and studied law under his father from 1838 to 1842 and was admitted to the Ohio Courts in 1843. He married Chloe S. Langford in 1845. In 1846, Taylor established the Cincinnati Morning Signal and began to take an active role in politics. In 1849, he was elected to the Ohio Constitutional Convention. He later served as a Treasury Agent investigating reciprocal trade between Canada and the United States. Following this post, he had a secret appointment to provide details into the Red River Disturbance and relations between British North America and the American Northwest. James Wickes Taylor passed away on 28 April 1893.

Arrangement

This collection consists of 42 folders.

Acquisition Note

This collection is property of University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Special Collections Library

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480