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Memphis Freedmen's Bureau Report

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3240

Captain T. A. Walker wrote this report for the Freedmen's Bureau in Memphis, Tennessee, on May 31, 1864. It is divided into sections entitled: Financial, Expenditures; The Freed people of the city, The city schools; Holly Springs, Schools; Shiloah [sic]; Brick Yard; President Island, Schools; and General Remarks. Throughout the report, Walker lists some of the grievances experienced by freedmen and describes how the Bureau is attempting to address these issues.

Walker discusses a number of issues in Memphis proper, including housing problems, cases of sickness at the Freedmen's Hospital, and schools. He also describes the Holly Springs, Shiloh, and President's Island contraband camps. He reports that most of the residents of Holly Springs are about fourteen years of age and gives the numbers of those attending school. He mentions that Shiloh houses primarily the wives and families of soldiers and was recently ordered to be consolidated with Holly Springs. He has good things to say about the state of President Island camp regarding morale, farm production, and progress in schools. In the General Remarks section, Walker expresses a belief that the conditions of freed people in the district are generally improving. He also mentions the need for some military support.

Interested researchers may also wish to consult MS.3106: Thomas A. Walker Letter, 1864 May 2 for more information about Thomas Walker and freedmen in West Tennessee.

Dates

  • 1864 May 31

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection consists of a four page report detailing events in the Memphis, Tennessee district of the Freedmen's Bureau during the month of May 1864. The writer, Captain T. A. Walker of the 63rd Infantry Regiment (Colored Troops), describes the city of Memphis (particularly its schools) as well as the contraband camps of Holly Springs, Shiloh, and President's Island.

Biographical/Historical Note

Thomas A. Walker was a captain in the United States Colored Infantry, 63rd Regiment. He was superintendent of the West Tennessee branch of the Freedmen's Bureau, an organization that aided freed slaves during and after the Civil War.

Arrangement

This collection consists of a single folder.

Acquisition Note

This collection was purchased on 2007 February 20.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480