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Charles H. Pierce Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3283

This collection houses two books that Union Sergeant Charles H. Pierce used to keep a diary and record roll call in addition to a formal studio portrait depicting Pierce in his later years wearing his Grand Army of the Republic Star. The roll books and diary document the actions of Company C of the 129th Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Both notebooks contain muster rolls for the company, including one from the Cumberland Gap dated November 27, 1863. The second notebook also contains a daily account of Pierce's activities dating from August 24, 1863 through January 12, 1864. Most of the entries detail marching orders and picket duties.

Some entries, however, describe the preparations that the regiment made for attacks and skirmishes that they were involved in. On November 18, 1863 at Cumberland Gap, Pierce notes that on account of important news from the front, the soldiers are forced to abandon their winter quarters and move up the mountain to attain a better defensive position. The December 2, 1863 entry provides a detailed account of fighting at the Clinch River, noting that it was the first time our men had been under fire but there was no flinching and we returned the fire with a will we kept up.

Dates

  • 1863-1864, circa 1890

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

1.5 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection houses two books that Union Sergeant Charles H. Pierce used to keep a diary and record roll call in addition to a formal studio portrait depicting Pierce in his later years wearing his Grand Army of the Republic Star.

Biographical/Historical Note

Charles Henry Pierce was born on April 13, 1840 in Chelmsford, Massachusetts to Stephen and Mary (Cogswell) Pierce. He was orphaned in 1849 and moved to Ohio to work in the newspaper business in 1856. Pierce mustered into Company C of the 129th Ohio Volunteer Infantry on July 3, 1863 and was promoted twice: first to full Sergeant on July 24, 1863 and again to full 1st Sergeant on August 10, 1863. The 129th Ohio began its service with an expedition to Cumberland Gap in August and September 1863, where they were involved in the capture of the Gap on September 9. The soldiers picketed and foraged at the Gap until early December, when they began their march towards the Clinch River. They patrolled that area until January 1864 when they returned to the Cumberland Gap. Later that year, the regiment returned to Ohio and was mustered out on March 10, 1864. After his discharge, Pierce returned to Ohio and his work in the newspaper trade. He married Maria T. French in 1864, and the couple had three children. Pierce established himself as a book merchant in 1876 and also served on the Boards of several local banks. He retired from the book trade in 1892 and died in Springfield, Ohio on March 28, 1918.

Arrangement

This collection consists of three folders.

Acquisition Note

The University of Tennessee Libraries, Knoxville, Special Collections purchased this collection in March 2004.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480