Skip to main content

SCOUT

Special Collections Online at UT

Andrew Johnson Certificates

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3294

This collection consists of two documents signed by Andrew Johnson, then Governor of Tennessee, in 1863 and 1864. The first certificate appoints Thomas J. Cypert Captain in the Regiment of Union Guards of Tennessee Volunteers, and the second appoints James M. Moore First Lieutenant of Company A in the Second Regiment of the Mounted Infantry of Tennessee.

Dates

  • 1863-1864

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

3 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection consists of two documents signed by Andrew Johnson, then Governor of Tennessee, in 1863 and 1864. The first certificate appoints Thomas J. Cypert Captain in the Regiment of Union Guards of Tennessee Volunteers, and the second appoints James M. Moore First Lieutenant of Company A in the Second Regiment of the Mounted Infantry of Tennessee.

Biographical/Historical Note

Born December 29, 1808, Andrew Johnson began his political career in Greeneville, Tenn. After serving as both alderman and mayor of Greeneville, Johnson successfully ran for a seat in the lower house of the state legislature in 1835. After serving three terms in the state Senate, Johnson moved to the United States House of Representatives, where he served for ten years, 1843-1853. He also served as Governor of Tennessee from 1853-1857. In the fall of 1857, he was chosen as a United States Senator.

In 1861, Johnson returned to East Tennessee to fight the surging secessionist movement, joining former political opponents such as William G. Brownlow, Thomas A. R. Nelson, Horace Maynard, and others in his support of the Union. After a June 8 referendum in which Tennesseeans voted for secession, Johnson returned to Washington to escape physical harm.

After the Federal capture of Forts Henry and Donelson and the occupation of Nashville in February 1862, however, President Lincoln sent Johnson back to Tennessee to serve as military governor, a position in which he was charged to restore civil government and bring the state back to the Union. In 1864, the Republicans nominated Johnson as Lincoln's running mate because of his staunch Unionism as a War Democrat. After Lincoln's assassination on April 14, 1865, Johnson was sworn in as the seventeenth President of the United States.

Johnson faced the difficult task of reconstructing the nation in the wake of the Civil War as he assumed the presidency. Johnson and Congress clashed over control of Reconstruction, and in 1868, the House Republicans in Congress impeached Johnson, the first president to face impeachment. Johnson's presidency was spared by a single vote in the Senate.

Following his tumultuous presidency, Johnson returned to Greeneville, eager for vindication. In 1874, he became the first former President of the United States to win a seat in the United States Senate. However, four months after taking his seat in the Senate, Johnson suffered a stroke and died on July 31, 1875. He was buried wrapped in a American flag with his head resting on a copy of the Constitution.

Arrangement

This collection consists of two oversized boxes.

Acquisition Note

This collection was donated to the Special Collections by Nadine and Everett Sutton and family on 18 August 2007.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480