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Philander P. Claxton Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS-0278

This collection contains correspondence, legislation, photographs, newspaper clippings, and publications documenting the life and work of Philander Priestley Claxton.

Dates

  • 1890-1955

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

110 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection contains correspondence, legislation, photographs, newspaper clippings, and publications documenting the life and work of Philander Priestley Claxton.

Biographical/Historical Note

Philander Claxton was born in 1862. He began attending the University of Tennessee in January 1880, leaving in June of 1882. At this time, he began teaching grade school in Goldsboro, North Carolina, a post he retained until 1883. At this point, he became the Superintendent of Graded Schools in Kinston, North Carolina. In 1884, he began attending Johns Hopkins University. He only remained at this institution for a year, at which point he left to study in Jena and Leipsic, Germany. Returning in 1885, he became the Superintendent of Graded Schools in Wilson, North Carolina. He returned to teaching in 1887, working in a Goldsboro grade school during the fall of 1887. After his brief tenure there, he became the Superintendent of Graded Schools in Asheville, North Carolina, a position he held until July 1893. At this time, he became a professor at the State Normal and Industrial College at Greensboro, where he remained until February of 1902.

In 1902, Claxton became the Head of the Department of Education and the Superintendent of the Summer School of the South. He remained in this position until 1911, when he left to become the Commissioner of Education of the United States. Leaving this post in 1921, he was the Provost of the University of Alabama until 1923, when he became the Superintendent of City Schools in Tulsa, Oklahoma. There is a break in Claxton's career between July 1929 and November 1930, during which time Claxton rested and wrote. In 1930, Claxton became the President of the Austin Peay Normal School in Clarksville, Tennessee. Retiring on July 1, 1946, Claxton died on January 12, 1957.

Arrangement

Collection consists of 110 boxes divided into seven series.

Acquisition Note

Dr. Philander P. Claxton donated this collection to the University of Tennessee's Special Collections Library in 1953.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480