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James Wilkinson Letter

 Collection
Identifier: MS-2040

This collection consists of a single letter written by James Wilkinson, from Loftus Heights, to Winthrop Sargent on April 16, 1799. In the letter, Wilkinson discusses a number of subjects including the news of his properties and the health of his neighbors - one of which has been struck with a fever. He also laments the loss of letters by a McCrea who was "captured and plundered" by a party of Native Americans.

Dates

  • 1799

Language

The material in this collection is in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection consists of a single letter written by James Wilkinson, from Loftus Heights, to Winthrop Sargent on April 16, 1799. In the letter, Wilkinson discusses a number of subjects including the news of his properties and the health of his neighbors - one of which has been struck with a fever. He also laments the loss of letters by a McCrea who was "captured and plundered" by a party of Native Americans.

Biographical/Historical Note

James Wilkinson was born to an upper-class family on March 24, 1757 in Maryland. In his younger years, he was taught privately. He entered Pennsylvania State University to study medicine; however, his education was interrupted due to the Revolutionary War. Throughout the war, he served in the Pennsylvania rifle battalion as captain and eventually was promoted to 5th and 8th Commanding General of the United States Army. He became the first Governor of Louisiana Territory in 1805 and served in this position for two years; he was later removed after accusations of abuse and court-martialed by President Madison but he was found innocent. In the War of 1812, he was promoted to Major General. After two failed campaigns in the war, he was removed from service but subsequent investigation cleared him of wrongdoing. Wilkinson published an autobiography in hopes of clearing his name. Wilkinson died on December 28, 1825.

Winthrop Sargent was born on May 1, 1753 in Gloucester, Massachusetts. After graduating from Harvard University in 1771, Sargent served on his family’s merchant ship. During the American Revolutionary War, he served with the Gridley Massachusetts Regiment and was soon promoted to captain lieutenant in Knox's regiment. After the war, he served in the Northwest Territory. In June 1786, Sargent was appointed as a surveyor to lay out the new territory's townships. He was appointed by Congress as secretary of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787. President John Adams appointed Sargent as the first Governor of the Mississippi Territory in 1798 and served as governor until 1801. He died on June 3, 1820 in New Orleans, Louisiana.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480