Indian Factories Cash Book
This book, titled Cash Book for Monies belonging to the Cherokee Indian Factories, contains a listing of debits and credits to Cherokee Indian factories in Tellico, Tennessee and Coleraine, Georgia from March 10, 1797 to April 26, 1798. Entries include "[t]o pay a draft by David Henley ... $500, [t]o freight of peltries shipped on board the brig Welcome Return and Schooner Valley from Coleraine Indian factory to Philadelphia ... $200, and [t]o premium and cost of policy on insuring goods from Coleraine Factory ... $129.30." The book also notes the purchase of cloth and fees for the transportation of goods from Richmond, Virginia and Savanna, Georgia.
- 1797 March 10-1798 April 26
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0.1 Linear Feet
This book, titled Cash Book for Monies belonging to the Cherokee Indian Factories, contains a listing of debits and credits to Cherokee Indian factories in Tellico, Tennessee and Coleraine, Georgia from March 10, 1797 to April 26, 1798.
The Tellico Factory in Tennessee was a part of the Tellico Blockhouse, a United States fortification used officially from 1794 through 1807. At Tellico, federal and territorial officials implemented the Factory Act of 1795, a Washington administration plan to assimilate the Native American population by maintaining federal factories, or trading posts, where Natives would receive fair exchange for their furs in addition to learning modern methods of agriculture and industry. The Cherokee relied heavily on fur and hide as a means of currency and trade, and once fur-bearing animals became scarce in the area, the Tellico Factory offered spinning wheels, cotton seed, looms, and training to the Cherokee. In return, the Cherokee provided food, furs, and other valuable items to the soldiers and traders at the Blockhouse.
The Coleraine Factory in Georgia was part of a much smaller trading post than Tellico. The only notable mention of a Coleraine Trading Post or Factory is in Southeast Georgia, which was inhabited by the Creek and bordered Spanish Florida. Coleraine near Saint Mary’s was the site of the U.S-Creek Treaty of Colerain, signed June 29, 1796.
This collection consists of a single folder.
The University of Tennessee Libraries, Knoxville, Special Collections purchased this collection on December 14, 2010.