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Andrew Johnson Broadside

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3557

This circular, entitled Appeal to the People of Tennessee, begins with a brief history of Tennessee's recent history that leads to Johnson announcing his appointment as military governor of the state. Within this role, he invites the citizens to support his government appointments until an election can be held, and promises amnesty for all who yield to the authority of the national government. He assures them that there will be no vindictive prosecutions.

Dates

  • 1862 March 18

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Abstract

This circular, entitled Appeal to the People of Tennessee, begins with a brief history of Tennessee's recent history that leads to Johnson announcing his appointment as military governor of the state. Within this role, he invites the citizens to support his government appointments until an election can be held, and promises amnesty for all who yield to the authority of the national government. He assures them that there will be no vindictive prosecutions.

Biographical/Historical Note

Born December 29, 1808, Andrew Johnson began his political career in Greeneville, Tenn. After serving as alderman and mayor, Johnson successfully ran for a seat in the lower house of the state legislature in 1835. After serving three terms in the state Senate, Johnson moved to the U. S. House of Representatives, where he served for ten years, 1843-1853. He also served as Governor of Tennessee from 1853-1857. In the fall of 1857, he was chosen as a U. S. Senator.

In 1861, Johnson returned to East Tennessee to fight the surging secessionist movement, joining people such as William G. Brownlow and Horace Maynard in his support of the Union. After a June referendum in which Tennesseeans voted for secession, Johnson made his way back to Washington.

After the Federal capture of Forts Henry and Donelson and the occupation of Nashville in February 1862, however, President Lincoln sent Johnson back to Tennessee to serve as military governor, a position in which he was charged to restore civil government and bring the state back to the Union. Lincoln also placed Johnson on the ticket in the 1864 election as his vice-presidential nominee. After Lincoln's assassination on April 14, 1865, Johnson was sworn in as the seventeenth president.

Johnson faced the difficult task of reconstructing the nation in the wake of the Civil War as he assumed the presidency. Johnson and Congress clashed over control of Reconstruction, and in 1868, the House Republicans in Congress impeached Johnson, the first president to face impeachment. Johnson's presidency was spared by a single vote in the Senate.

Following his tumultuous presidency, Johnson returned to Greeneville, eager for vindication. In 1874, he became the first former President of the United States to win a seat in the United States Senate. However, four months after taking his seat in the Senate, Johnson suffered a stroke and died on July 31, 1875. He was buried wrapped in a American flag with his head resting on a copy of the Constitution.

Arrangement

This manuscript consists of a single folder.

Acquisition Note

This manuscript was a gift to Special Collections from Ralph Phinney.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480