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National Union Executive Committee Broadside

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3600

This broadside recommends voting for Andrew Johnson as vice president on the basis of his patriotism and loyalty to the Union. It first lays out the record of his opponent, George H. Pendleton, with all of his votes and speeches against the Union. It then describes Johnson and gives excerpts of several of his speeches, each supporting the government and accusing rebels of treason. It concludes with a final call to choose between these two!!

Dates

  • circa 1864

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Abstract

This broadside recommends voting for Andrew Johnson as vice president on the basis of his patriotism and loyalty to the Union. It first lays out the record of his opponent, George H. Pendleton, with all of his votes and speeches against the Union. It then describes Johnson and gives excerpts of several of his speeches, each supporting the government and accusing rebels of treason. It concludes with a final call to choose between these two!!

Biographical/Historical Note

Born December 29, 1808, Andrew Johnson began his political career in Greeneville, Tenn. After serving as both alderman and mayor of Greeneville, Johnson successfully ran for a seat in the lower house of the state legislature in 1835. After serving three terms in the state Senate, Johnson moved to the United States House of Representatives, where he served for ten years, 1843-1853. He also served as Governor of Tennessee from 1853-1857. In the fall of 1857, he was chosen as a United States Senator.

In 1861, Johnson returned to East Tennessee to fight the surging secessionist movement, joining former political opponents such as William G. Brownlow, Thomas A. R. Nelson, Horace Maynard, and others in his support of the Union. After a June 8 referendum in which Tennesseeans voted for secession, Johnson returned to Washington to escape physical harm.

After the Federal capture of Forts Henry and Donelson and the occupation of Nashville in February 1862, however, President Lincoln sent Johnson back to Tennessee to serve as military governor, a position in which he was charged to restore civil government and bring the state back to the Union. In 1864, the Republicans nominated Johnson as Lincoln's running mate because of his staunch Unionism as a War Democrat. After Lincoln's assassination on April 14, 1865, Johnson was sworn in as the seventeenth President of the United States.

Johnson faced the difficult task of reconstructing the nation in the wake of the Civil War as he assumed the presidency. Johnson and Congress clashed over control of Reconstruction, and in 1868, the House Republicans in Congress impeached Johnson, the first president to face impeachment. Johnson's presidency was spared by a single vote in the Senate.

Following his tumultuous presidency, Johnson returned to Greeneville, eager for vindication. In 1874, he became the first former President of the United States to win a seat in the United States Senate. However, four months after taking his seat in the Senate, Johnson suffered a stroke and died on July 31, 1875. He was buried wrapped in a American flag with his head resting on a copy of the Constitution.

George Hunt Pendleton was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on July 19, 1825, to Nathanael Pendleton and his wife. In 1847, he was admitted to the bar and began to practice law in Cincinnati. He served as an Ohio state senator from 1854 to 1856, and as a U.S. congressman from 1857 to 1865. From 1869 to 1879, he was the president of the Kentucky Central Railroad, before serving as a U.S. senator from 1879 to 1885, when he became the ambassador to Germany. Pendleton died on November 24, 1889, in Brussels, Belgium.

Arrangement

This collection consists of a single folder.

Acquisition Note

Special Collections purchased this document in 1998.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480