Alethea Helen Whitney Collection on Winston Churchill
This collection consists of research compiled by Alethea Helen Whitney on Winston Churchill. Research material includes: rough drafts for her book The American Side of Winston Churchill, press clippings and publications about Churchill's life, family, political career, and Churchill's overall impact to the World.
- 1935 May 4-circa 2003
The material in this collection is in English.
Conditions Governing Access
Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.
Conditions Governing Use
The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.
2 Linear Feet
This collection consists of research compiled by Alethea Helen Whitney on Winston Churchill. Research material includes: rough drafts for her book, press clippings, magazine and book publications.
Winston Churchill was born on November 30, 1874 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire. He was born into an aristocratic family. Churchill was the son of Lord Randolph Churchill and the American heiress Jennie Jerome. He was educated at Harrow and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, and was sent to India with a cavalry commission in 1895. He won early fame as a war correspondent covering the Cuban revolt against Spain (1895), and British campaigns in the Northwest Frontier of India (1897), the Sudan (1898) and South Africa during the Boer War (1899). His daring escape from a Boer prison camp in 1899 made him a national hero and ushered him into the House of Commons, where his career spanned for more than 60 years.
Churchill was originally in the Conservative party, but joined the Liberal party in 1904. When the Liberal Party collapsed in 1922 Churchill was temporarily out of office, but he was reelected to Parliament as an independent in 1924 and then became a Conservative again, when the Prime Minister asked him to serve as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
After the Soviet Union and the United States entered the war in 1941, he worked to build what he called a "Grand Alliance," traveling thousands of miles to meet with allies and coordinate military strategy. With them he redrew the map of Europe as Germany collapsed in 1945. Almost immediately, he saw the threat that had arisen in Hitler's place, and warned the West of the Soviet "Iron Curtain" in his famous speech in Fulton, Missouri, in 1946.
In 1963, Churchill was given the honor of United States citizenship by President John F. Kennedy. President John F. Kennedy praised Sir Winston as a defender of freedom, wartime leader, orator, historian, statesman, and Englishman
Winston Churchill died on 24 January 1965.
This collection consists of four boxes and is divided into the following three series:
- The American Side of Winston Churchill, undated, circa 1977
- Press Clippings, 1946 March 5-circa 1991, undated
- Publications, 1935 May 4-circa 2003
This collection was donated to Special Collections by Alethea Helen Whitney in 2012.