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Ira H. Hayes Memoir

 Collection
Identifier: CSWS-0052

This collection contains a photocopy of Ira Hayes' handwritten manuscript documenting his World War II experiences, particularly the assault on Iwo Jima. In addition to describing intelligence and combat preparation for the operation, Hayes also includes the anecdotes and personal stories of his peers during the campaign. The document includes several inserts written by other soldiers as well as transcribed letters.

Dates

  • undated

Conditions Governing Access

Manuscript and University Archives collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 24 hours is needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.25 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection contains a photocopy of Ira Hayes' handwritten manuscript documenting his World War II experiences, particularly the assault on Iwo Jima. In addition to describing intelligence and combat preparation for the operation, Hayes also includes the anecdotes and personal stories of his peers during the campaign. The document includes several inserts written by other soldiers as well as transcribed letters.

Biographical/Historical Note

Ira Hamilton Hayes was born to Nancy Hamilton and Joseph Hayes on January 12, 1923, in Sacaton, AZ. He was the eldest of eight children. The Hayes family moved to Bapchule, Arizona in 1932 and Ira attended the Phoenix Indian School for high school.

After he graduated in June, Hayes enlisted in the Marine Forces Reserves on August 24, 1942. After military training and being qualified as a parachutist, Hayes was sent to the South Pacific where his unit was re-designated Company K, 3d Parachute Battalion, 1st Marine Parachute Regiment and he participated in campaigns on Vella Lavella and Bougainville. He returned to the U.S. on February 14, 1944, and was later transferred to Company E, 2d Battalion, 28th Marines, of the 5th Marine Division.

Hayes participated in the large assault on Iwo Jima, landing on February 19, 1945. On February 23, 1945, Ira Hayes and five of his peers – Harlon Block, John Bradley, Rene Gagnon, Franklin Sousley, and Michael Strank – climbed Mount Suribuchi to plant an American flag to signify the end of conflict. The image was captured by an Associated Press photographer and later became a well-known symbol of that particular campaign.

Hayes was honorably discharged on December 1, 1945. Hayes died on January 24, 1955. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

Arrangement

This collection consists of one manuscript divided over four folders.

Previous Citation

This collection was originally listed as a part of MS.1259. It was then listed as CSWS.WWII.3.0018 until receiving its current number.

Acquisition Note

This collection is the property of Special Collections.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480