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General John M. Schofield Letter

 Collection
Identifier: MS-3678

This Civil War letter was written from General John M. Schofield to Brigadier General Jacob Ammen on September 19, 1864. The letter requests that Ammen and his 4th Div. 23rd Corps support the raid on the town of Saltville in southwestern Virginia, resulting in the Battle of Saltville on October 2, 1864.

Dates

  • 1864

Language

The material in this collection is in English.

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Abstract

This Civil War letter was written from General John M. Schofield to Brigadier General Jacob Ammen on September 19, 1864. The letter requests that Ammen and his 4th Div. 23rd Corps support the raid on the town of Saltville in southwestern Virginia, resulting in the Battle of Saltville on October 2, 1864.

Biographical/Historical Note

John McAllister Schofield was born in Gerry, New York on September 29, 1831. He began his military career at the U.S. Military Academy and graduated in 1853 working as a professor of philosophy at the academy and at West Point during the years 1855-1860. At the start of the Civil War in 1861, Schofield first became the mustering officer for the state of Missouri. On November 21, 1861, he became the Brigadier-General in charge of all the Union militia in Missouri. Schofield commanded the Army of Ohio in the battles of Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta, and the XXIII Corps in Franklin and in the Battle of Nashville. After the Civil War, Schofield was sent on missions to Mexico to deliver the French from Mexico. He was also the Secretary of State under President Johnson, and traveled to Hawaii to consultant on the planning for the Pearl Harbor naval base.

Schofield’s was married twice. His first marriage was to Harriet Bartlett in 1857 and his second marriage to Georgia Kilbourne in 1891. John Schofield died on March 4, 1895 in St. Augustine, Florida.

Jacob Ammen was born in Botecourt County, Virginia, between the years on January 7, 1806. After graduating, with honors, from West Point Academy in 1831, he served as a professor of mathematics and philosophy at West Point and in multiple colleges from 1834 to 1861. At the start of the Civil War, Ammen enlisted as a Union soldier in Ohio, where he was living at the time. One of his first assignments was acting as colonel for the 24th Ohio Infantry on June 22, 1861 at Camp Chase. On the 12th of September, he and his regiment saw battle in Western Virginia at Cheat Mountain Summit and at Green Briar, Virginia on October 3rd. He was promoted to Brigadier-General for his valor and commanding strength during the Battle of Pittsburg Landing on April 6, 1861 in Tennessee. Ammen participated in many battles ranging from Ohio to Georgia during the remaining years of the Civil War.

After retiring from the military, Amman returned to his home in Lockland, Hamilton County, OH. He was married to Martha Ann Beasley Ammen. He passed away on February 6, 1894.

Acquisition Note

This collection was purchased in 2012.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480