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Colonel Henry Lyon's War Crimes Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS-0983

This collection contains prosecution and defense material relating to the Yokohama war crimes trials arising out of the Japanese defeat in World War II. Materials include special orders regulating the detention, interrogation, and trial of suspected war criminals, and consist primarily of defense exhibits and prosecution exhibits complete with photographs and maps. The mistreatment of prisoners of war is the subject of many of the deliberations.

Dates

  • 1948

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

4.5 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection contains prosecution and defense material relating to the Yokohama war crimes trials arising out of the Japanese defeat in World War II.

Biographical/Historical Note

Colonel Henry Lyon, a native of Greeneville, Tennessee, served as president of a War Crimes Commission trying Japanese war criminals at Yokohama in 1948. Colonel Lyon's military career began in 1917 after he completed a degree in electrical engineering at Virginia Polytechnical Institute. He served as an officer at posts in New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and the Canal Zone, and was a professor of military science to ROTC groups in Nebraska and Alabama. As commander of infantry units and training regiments, Colonel Lyon saw service in Montana, Panama, Colorado, California, Georgia, and Alabama. After his War Crimes Commission appointment was conducted, he remained in Yokohama until 1950 as deputy commander of the Yokohama Command. On his return to the United States he was appointed chief of the Kentucky Military District at Louisville.

Henry Yost Lyon was born on November 12, 1895 to William Risley Lyon (1872-1936) and Kathryn Bellfield (Yost) Lyon (1876-1957) in Greeneville, Tennessee. He married Margaret Lowery (Morrow) (1903-1963) in 1924, and the couple had one child, Patricia Ann (Lyon) Hodges (1930-2015). Colonel Henry Yost Lyon died on February 3, 1980 and is buried in the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery in Greeneville, Tennessee

Arrangement

Collection consists of three boxes.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480