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Neal and Wheelock Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS-2014

This collection houses correspondence, certificates, textbooks, photographs, and newspaper clippings documenting the Neal and Wheelock families of East Tennessee. It also includes newspaper articles and transcripts showing the Scopes Trial.

Dates

  • 1857 June 13-1975

Conditions Governing Access

Collections are stored offsite, and a minimum of 2 business days are needed to retrieve these items for use. Researchers interested in consulting any of the collections are advised to contact Special Collections.

Conditions Governing Use

The copyright interests in this collection remain with the creator. For more information, contact the Special Collections Library.

Extent

0.5 Linear Feet

Abstract

This collection houses correspondence, certificates, textbooks, photographs, and newspaper clippings documenting the Neal and Wheelock families of East Tennessee. It also includes newspaper articles and transcripts showing the Scopes Trial.

Biographical/Historical Note

John Randolph Neal was born on November 26, 1836 near Clinton, Tennessee. He studied law at Emory and Henry College, where he earned his degree in 1858. He was admitted to the bar in 1859 and began practicing law in Athens, Tennessee. Neal served in the Confederate Cavalry during the Civil War and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. When the war ended, he settled in Rhea Springs, Tennessee, where he resumed his legal practice. Neal served in the Tennessee House of Representatives in 1874 and in the State Senate from 1878 to 1879. He was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives in 1885, where he continued to serve until his health began to fail in 1888. Neal died on March 26, 1889 in Rhea Springs, Tennessee.

John R. Neal married Mary Elizabeth Caroline Brown and the couple had five children: John O'Brien (who changed his name to John Randolph after his father's death), George Franklin, Mary Permelia, Katherine, and Amanda. John Neal served as chief defense council in the famous Scopes Trial (1925), which challenged the Tennessee state law prohibiting the teaching of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in public schools.

Arrangement

This collection consists of a single box.

Acquisition Note

This collection is property of the University of Tennessee's Special Collections Library.

Repository Details

Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository

Contact:
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA
865-974-4480