Julius E. Thomas Diary and Daybook
There are seventy-three leaves of moisture-stained information with all of the folds attached together except one. Julius writes about the movement of his company and others as they work together to overthrow the Rebels. This is an excellent source for many aspects of the Civil War from supplies, battles, sermons and feelings of a union soldier. From Friday August 5th to August 8th 1864, Julius leaves his Uncle Ben's camps at the Chickamauga Bridge and tarries with Company K on the road to Graysville. Remounting on the 8th his unit continues to Nashville and camps three miles south on the Franklin Pike. On August 31st 1864, the regiment leaves Camp Smith and lays in line of battle all night dismantled in the morning came up with the rebs charge. Five men die and two are wounded, as the regiment pursues the rebs. Julius reports on September 2, that the rebs lost one Brigadier General and about 100 men. Forty die from the union troops and seven are from his regiment. Colonel Brownlow suffers a wounded hip and side.
He speaks of letters to and from Cousin Abbie in January 1865. Julius mentions other cousins throughout the record. On January 27th 1865, he addresses his remarks to Miss Lizzie Julian - the day clear and very pleasant, this day drew a little cornmeal -.teams are still hauling planks for the Brigade Stables - a new order was issued by General Wilson in regard to calls to be sounded regularly. Julius comments that he experiences 18 calls and others by orderlies and officers. The 2nd Indiana band comes to General Praleton's quarters and the serenade of folk and sentimental songs are enjoyed by all those within hearing distance. He continues in his letter to Lizzie to explain, no news of the rebs, all is quiet here, rations out, - On the 28th of January 1865 he draws two days rations of flour and pork and the horses were inspected those that were not fit for service to be sent back to Nashville-. On the 29th of January forty men were sent back with disabled horses to Louisville, Kentucky. After the February 2nd 1865 entry, there are pages with a list of the names of commanders and staff and a roll of Company F 1st East Tennessee Regiment. Immediately following the February 6th entry is a List of Casualties of the 1st Tennessee Cavalry from August [1st] 1864 to the time of muster out of service and a list of Wounded Field and Staff.
On February 7th 1865 orders were received to return to Edgefield near Nashville to report for duty until we were mustered out of service. In great detail, he explains his feelings for his horse when teaching the horse to run and play and his faithfulness through battles. The horse was given to the 2nd Michigan in preparation for the mustering of J. E. Thomas's unit. Chaplain Holsinger presented General Crolton with a sword that cost one hundred sixty eight dollars on February 9th. The men of Company F collected $75.00 to purchase a bible for Chaplain Holsinger; a list of these men is in the February 25th daybook entry. After the entry on March 12th, there is a list of Clothing and personal items along with the cost of each for Nov 1863-March 1865. Immediately following the entry of March 21st 1865, there is a list of Battles and Skirmishes with the enemy since August 1864. Julius is present at the State House for the inauguration of William G. Brownlow as Governor on April 5th, 1865.
Julius gives an accounting of work completed for [D. ] G. Thomas from October 30th to November 18th and the amount of pay. He writes the dates of November 20th through December 27th on various pages with figures and a list of supplies for construction that included rafters, sills, sheathing, crown molding and bed molding. One of the last pages of the daybook includes a list of cities and states all over America with numbers following each one.
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0.1 Linear Feet
This collection contains the diary and daybook of Julius E. Thomas, 2nd Sergeant and Chief Bugler of Company F, 1st Tennessee Cavalry (Union). Entries range from August 5, 1864 through April 5, 1865. Thomas writes about the movement of his company throughout Tennessee. Part of the book contains notations of supplies used for construction.
Julius E. Thomas served as 2nd Sergeant and Chief Bugler of Company F, 1st Regiment Tennessee Cavalry. The Tennessee Calvary 1st Regiment was organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio, November, 1862, from 4th Tennessee Infantry. Attached to Camp Dennison, Ohio, to December, 1862. Reserve Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade. 1st Cavalry Division, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Military Division Mississippi, to January, 1865. District Middle Tennessee, Dept. of the Cumberland, to June, 1865.
Collection consists of a single folder.
Collection was purchased by Special Collections in July 2003.
Part of the Betsey B. Creekmore Special Collections and University Archives, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Repository
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Knoxville TN 37996 USA